Definition - What does Bhagavad Gita mean?
The Bhagavad Gita is a Hindu sacred text originally written in Sanskrit that forms part of a larger epic, the "Mahabharata." Yoga is presented in the Bhagavad Gita as the process by which a person can connect with the Absolute or Divine.
The Bhagavad Gita is a narrative that is told through a dialogue between Arjuna, a warrior, and his charioteer, Lord Krishna. Arjuna doubts whether he should go into battle and Krishna explains that he must fulfill his dharma, or duty, as a warrior. In his explanation, Krishna discusses various types of yoga, including Jnana, Bhakti, Karma and Raja.
Some consider the battle described in the Bhagavad Gita to be an allegory for human life.
Yogapedia explains Bhagavad Gita
The name, Bhagavad Gita, means “Song of the Lord.” It is sometimes referred to simply as the Gita or may be prefixed by the term Srimad as a sign of respect. Scholars believe it probably dates somewhere between the 5th and 2nd century B.C.E., and may have been written by the sage, Vyasa.
The Bhagavad Gita is composed of 18 chapters with 700 verses and there are sections on Karma yoga, Bhakti yoga and Jnana yoga. It is said that the study of the Bhagavad Gita will lead to an understanding of God, truth, purpose and liberation.
One of the more unusual aspects of the Bhagavad Gita is its battlefield setting, which many have noted seems incongruous with a spiritual text. Many commentators and writers have regarded the battlefield as a metaphor for “the war within.” This could be the struggle for self-mastery, or the war against the ego or ignorance.