Ranjaka Pitta

Definition - What does Ranjaka Pitta mean?

Ranjaka Pitta is one of the five sub-doshas of Pitta, an Ayurvedic body-mind type. Ranjaka Pitta is associated with the fire and water elements, and it resides mostly in the liver, spleen and stomach.

The Sanskrit word Ranjaka means 'to give colour,' and Ranjaka Pitta is believed to be the fire that gives colour to all the tissues in the body, as well as the blood. It is even believed to influence a person's skin, hair and eye colour.

Yogapedia explains Ranjaka Pitta

According to Ayurveda, Pitta governs the metabolism and the energy of transformation in the body as well as in the mind. Pitta is hot and sharp in nature, and is particularly responsible for digestive fire (agni). Pitta is divided into five subtypes known as sub-doshas: Alochaka Pitta, Bhrajaka Pitta, Sadhaka Pitta, Pachaka Pitta and Ranjaka Pitta.

Of these five sub-doshas, Ranjaka Pitta is the most closely related to the liver. It is primarily responsible for:

  • Producing bile and enzymes in the liver
  • Forming white blood cells in the spleen
  • Governing toxin elimination from the blood
  • Forming red blood cells in the bone marrow

If Ranjaka Pitta is out of balance, it can lead to a build-up of toxins in the blood, angry temperament and even early greying of the hair. As with all sub-doshas of Pitta, an imbalance can be corrected through the consumption of cooling foods and participation in cooling activities such as swimming or walking in nature. If a person is suffering from excess Ranjaka Pitta, spicy foods should be avoided.

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