Definition - What does Vishvatman mean?

Vishvatman is a term in Hinduism and yoga philosophy that refers to the universal soul, cosmic mind or the Supreme Being. The word comes from the Sanskrit vishva, meaning “universe,” “omnipresent,” “entire” and “universal,” and atman, meaning “soul,” “spirit” or “self.”

In Hindu and yogic philosophy, vishvatman is the supreme energy that permeates all creation – the cosmic consciousness. As such, it may be considered a synonym of paramatman (from parama, meaning “absolute” and “highest”).

Yogapedia explains Vishvatman

In yoga, the goal is moksha, liberation from the life-death-rebirth cycle (samsara), which is achieved through various paths that lead to the union of the individual soul with the universal soul. In some forms of yoga and Hinduism, it is the union of the atman with a specific deity or Supreme Being.

A yogi can achieve this union of the self with the vishvatman through the eight-limbed path of yoga as described in Patanjali's Yoga Sutras. This path includes the physical practice (asana), breathing exercises (pranayama) and meditative and concentration techniques.

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