Kaivalya Pada

Definition - What does Kaivalya Pada mean?

Kaivalya Pada is the fourth chapter of Patanjali's Yoga Sutras — a collection of texts that form the foundation of classical yoga philosophy. Thought to be written in around 400 C.E., the Yoga Sutras consist of 196 sutras, or short verses of wisdom, which are organized into four chapters.

Kaivalya means means "solitude" or "detachment" in Sanskrit. In this case, it refers to the isolation of purusha from prakṛti, and therefore the liberation from rebirth and freedom from suffering. As such, the chapter Kaivalya Pada is about the final liberation.

Yogapedia explains Kaivalya Pada

Kaivalya Pada outlines how the mind is made up and how it can veil the true nature of the Self. It describes how someone on the yogic path can free their consciousness from the movement of the gunas and allow it to rest in the light of its own nature. For this the building blocks of the mind need to return to their cause.

There are 34 sutras within Kaivalya Pada. The chapter portrays a yogi who has attained the end goal of liberation, having erased the impressions left by past cycles of birth and rebirth and freeing themself from all bondages.

The complete four chapters of the Yoga Sutras are:

  1. Samadhi Pada - defines what yoga is

  2. Sadhana Pada - describes the eightfold path of yoga

  3. Vibhuti Pada - explains the benefits of yoga

  4. Kaivalya Pada.

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