Definition - What does Yoga Bhashya mean?
Yoga Bhashya is a commentary said to have been written by the Vedic sage Vyasa on Patanjali's the Yoga Sutras, although some scholars believe that Patanjali authored both the Sutras and the Bhashya. Bhashya is a Sanskrit word meaning “commentary,” “explanation” or “to be brought to light.” Yoga means “union” or “integration,” while sutra means “sacred thread” or “short sentence.”
The Yoga Sutras were written around 400 C.E. And contain much of the basis of classical yoga philosophy outlined in the 196 sutras, or short discourses (threads).
Yogapedia explains Yoga Bhashya
Yoga Bhashya is believed to be the oldest commentary on the Yoga Sutras and was written in the fifth or sixth century. Patanjali's Sutras include the eight-limbed path of yoga:
- Yamas – ethical standards consisting of ahimsa (nonviolence), satya (truthfulness), asteya (nonstealing), brahmacharya (restraint), aparigraha (noncovetousness)
- Niyamas – inner/personal observances consisting of saucha (cleanliness), samtosa (contentment), tapas (spiritual austerities) svadhyaya (study of scriptures and of oneself), isvara pranidhana (surrender to God)
- Asanas – yoga postures
- Pranayama – breath control techniques
- Pratyahara – withdrawal or transcendence of the senses
- Dharana – concentration
- Dhyana – meditation or contemplation
- Samadhi – state of ecstasy or enlightenment