Definition - What does Hanuman Chalisa mean?
The Hanuman Chalisa is a popular Hindu hymn devoted to the monkey god, Hanuman, himself a devotee of Lord Rama. Chalisa is derived from the Hindi word, chalis (sometimes spelled calis), which means “forty.” The Hanuman Chalisa is, therefore, so-called because it has 40 verses that praise Hanuman. Millions of Hindus recite the hymn daily from memory.
The hymn is believed to have been composed by the 16th-century poet, Goswami Tulsidas, who also wrote "Ramcharitmanas," an adaptation of the epic poem, "Ramayana."
Yogapedia explains Hanuman Chalisa
Hanuman is associated with courage, strength and selfless service in his devotion to Rama, an incarnation of Vishnu. In the "Ramayana," Hanuman and his monkey army fight the demon king who abducted Rama's wife, Sita.
Reciting the Hanuman Chalisa is thought to invoke Hanuman's intervention to resolve problems, remove obstacles and vanquish evil. The hymn is also believed to reduce stress and set the faithful on the path to divine spiritual knowledge.
The published version of the Hanuman Chalisa is one of the top-selling Hindu religious books. It has also been sung and recorded by popular folk, bhajan (religious) and classical singers.