Definition - What does Mangala Mantra mean?
The Mangala mantra is a prayer for peace found in the ancient scriptures the "Rig Veda" and is the closing mantra chanted at the end of Ashtanga yoga practice. Mangala is a Sanskrit word meaning “auspicious,” while a mantra is an incantation, prayer, phrase or sacred sound.
Chanting mantras is believed to alter the yogi's consciousness because of the power of the sound vibrations, bringing the yogi closer to the higher Self, or the Ultimate Reality. In addition to focusing the mind, the mantra fills the yogi with peace, calmness and centeredness.
Yogapedia explains Mangala Mantra
In the ancient Sanskrit language, the Mangala mantra is as follows:
Svasti prajabhyah paripalayantam
Nyayena margena mahim mahishaha
Go brahmanebhyah shubhamastu nityam
Lokah samastah sukhino bhavantu
The last line is often chanted by itself at the end of asana practice in Hatha and other forms of yoga. The Mangala mantra may be preceded by the chanting of Om, the cosmic sound of the universe, and is frequently followed by Om shanti, shanti, shantihi (Om peace, peace, perfect peace).
Translations of the Mangala mantra vary slightly, but offer the same sentiments. One such translation is:
May the rulers of the earth keep to the path of virtue
For protecting the welfare of all generations.
May the religious, and all people be forever blessed,
May all beings everywhere be happy and free.