Mundaka Upanishad

Definition - What does Mundaka Upanishad mean?

The "Mundaka Upanishad" is an ancient Vedic philosophical text written in poetic verse style that imparts spiritual knowledge. Mundaka is a Sanskrit word that means “shaved” or “shorn,” possibly referring to knowledge that shaves away ignorance. Upanishad means “sitting at the feet of,” representing the student sitting at the feet of the guru.

The 64 verses of the "Mundaka Upanishad" are composed in the forms of mantras that are used for knowledge and meditation related to learning rather than ritual.

Yogapedia explains Mundaka Upanishad

The Upanishads are a collection of texts recorded from oral traditions, 13 of which include core Hindu philosophical teachings. The "Mundaka Upanishad," included in the "Atharva Veda," is a primary Upanishad and one of the most translated. It is divided into three sections (mundakams):

  1. The first part discusses higher and lower knowledge.
  2. The second part describes the true nature of the Self and Brahman, and the path to knowing Brahman.
  3. The third part expands on the first two sections and describes the state of knowing Brahman as complete liberation and bliss.
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