Definition - What does Jana Loka mean?
Jana loka is a term used in yogic and Hindu philosophy to describe the third highest plane of consciousness or the heavenly realm. The term comes from the Sanskrit jana, meaning “common person” or “living being," and loka, meaning “world,” “realm” or “plane of existence.”
The number of lokas varies by tradition. Commonly, though, the lokas are divided into the seven upper worlds, known as vyarthis, and seven lower worlds known as patalas, comprising 14 lokas. Jana loka is one of the former, known by the Sanskrit term sapta urdhvaloka.
Yogapedia explains Jana Loka
To some, the lokas are physical locations, but to others, they are metaphysical realms. Jana loka is known as the plane of creativity, the human plane and the plane of liberated mortals. It is also believed to be the abode of the Hindu god Brahma's sons Sanaka, Sananda and Sanat Kumara in some traditions.
From a yogic perspective, jana loka is thought to be the realm of the vishuddha chakra, which is associated with inner truth and understanding. Some yogic philosophers believe that if the desires of vishuddha chakra are not met in the yogi's lifetime, the soul will live in jana loka until rebirth on Earth.
Following jana loka, the soul may reach the next heavenly realm, tapar loka (home of psychic energy and ascetics), and finally to the highest realm, satya loka (sometimes called brahma loka). Satya loka is where the yogi finds moksha, or liberation from the cycle of reincarnation.
The seven upper realms in order from the highest to lowest are:
- Satya - highest realm, home of Brahma
- Tapar - home of psychic energy
- Jana - plane of liberated mortals
- Mahar - home of the great sages and rishis
- Svar - the area between the sun and the polar star
- Bhuvar or Pitri - the planets, stars and space between the sun and Earth
- Bhur - the Earth